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Key Financial Ratios

Key financial ratios 3Q 17/18 2Q 17/18 1Q 17/18 4Q 16/17 3Q 16/17
Profitability ratios          
Gross operating profit margin (%) 31.8% 50.9% 41.1% 44.7% 55.8%
Operating EBITDA margin (%) 23.5% 34.4% 29.5% 29.1% 35.2%
Recurring pre-tax profit margin (%) 22.6% 22.7% 18.5% 20.4% 28.5%
Net profit margin (%) 17.8% 23.8% 13.5% 22.3% 21.0%
ROA (%) 2.7% 2.5% 2.4% 2.8% 2.4%
ROE (%) 5.7% 4.7% 4.3% 4.9% 3.8%
Liquidity Ratio          
Current Ratio (times) 1.13x 0.91x 1.39x 1.43x 1.58x
Leverage          
Interest bearing debt to equity (times) 1.07x 0.97x 0.92x 0.85x 0.77x
Adjusted net debt1 to equity (times) 0.34x 0.30x 0.10x 0.13x 0.07x
Adjusted net debt1 to operating EBITDA (times) 3.98x 4.05x 1.43x 2.07x 1.15x
Interest coverage (times) 3.66x 2.75x 3.12x 0.57x 3.59x
Per share ratios 2          
Earnings per share (THB) 0.08 0.06 0.03 0.04 0.04
Book value per share (THB) 3.92 3.88 3.99 3.82 3.94

1(*) Adjusted net debt: calculated based on interest bearing debt - cash and cash equivalent and liquid investment

2 per share ratios, calculated based on numbers of shares with par value at THB 4 per share

Key financial ratios 2016/17 2015/16 2014/15 + 2013/14 + 2012/13
Profitability ratios    
Gross operating profit margin (%) 51.9% 60.4% 55.5% 51.4% 48.8%
Operating EBITDA margin (%) 34.0% 42.9% 39.9% 36.3% 49.0%
ROA (%) 2.8% 6.6% 5.0% 17.6% 2.9%
ROE (%) 4.9% 8.9% 6.4% 22.7% 3.8%
Leverage          
Interest bearing debt to equity (times) 0.85x 0.20x 0.09x 0.11x 0.24x
Adjusted net debt1 to equity (times) 0.51x 0.15x (0.11)x (0.03)x 0.17x
Adjusted net debt1 to operating EBITDA (times) 7.93x 2.57x (1.96)x (0.65)x 1.66x
Interest coverage (times) 4.53x 9.30x 8.68x 4.94x 4.07x
Per share ratios 2          
Earnings per share (THB) 0.17 0.35 0.2482 1.0779 0.1720
Book value per share (THB) 3.82 3.96 4.38 5.09 5.05

1(*) Adjusted net debt: calculated based on interest bearing debt - cash and cash equivalent and liquid investment

2 per share ratios, calculated based on numbers of shares with par value at THB 4 per share